Wildlife-Friendly Plants for Southeastern Pennsylvania and Environs

Wildlife-Friendly Plants for Southeastern Pennsylvania and Environs

Latin Name Common Name Wildlife Value
Trees
Acer rubrum, A. saccharum Red Maple, Sugar Maple L, F
Amelanchier canadensis, A. laevis Serviceberry/Shadbush/Juneberry, Smooth Serviceberry L. F
Betula lenta, B.nigra Sweet Birch, River Birch L, F
Carya cordiformis, C. glabra, C. ovata, C. tomentosa Bitternut Hickory, Pignut Hickory, Shagbark Hickory, Mockernut Hickory L, F
Celtis occidentalis Hackberry L, F
Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud L, N
Cornus alternifolia, C.florida Pagoda Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood L, F
Fagus grandifolia American Beech L, F
Fraxinus americana, F. pennsylvanica White Ash, Green Ash L, F
Ilex opaca American Holly L, F
Juglans nigra Black Walnut L,F
Juniperus virginiana Eastern Red Cedar L, F
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum L, F
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip Tree L, F, N
Nyssa sylvatica Black Gum/Tupelo L, F
Pinus strobus Eastern White Pine L, F
Platanus occidentalis American Sycamore L, F
Populus deltoides Eastern Cottonwood L, F
Prunus serotina Black Cherry L, F
Quercus alba, Q.coccinea, Q. montana, Q. palustris, Q. rubra, Q. velutina White Oak, Scarlet Oak, Chestnut Oak, Pin Oak, Red Oak, Black Oak L, F
Salix nigra Black Willow L, F
Sassafras albidum Sassafras L, F
Tilia americana Basswood L
Ulmus americana American Elm (Blight-resistant varieties) L, F
L = Leaves support moth and butterfly caterpillars and other leaf-eating insects that are eaten by birds
N = Nectar for hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators
F = Food products such as berries, seeds, nuts, buds, and pollen for birds, mammals, and pollinators
Shrubs
Alnus serrulata Smooth Alder L, F
Aronia arbutifolia, A. melanocarpa. Red Chokeberry, Black Chokeberry L, F
Cornus amomum, C. racemosa, C. sericea Silky Dogwood, Gray Dogwood, Redtwig Dogwood L, F
Ilex verticillata Winterberry Holly F
Lindera benzoin Spicebush L, F, N
Myrica pensylvanica Bayberry L, F
Rosa carolina, R. virginiana Pasture Rose, Wild or Pasture Rose L, F
Rhododendron maximum, R. periclymedoides, R. viscosum Rosebay Rhododendron, Pinxterbloom Azalea, Swamp Azalea L, N
Rhus copallina, R. glabra, R. typhina Winged Sumac, Smooth Sumac, Staghorn Sumac L, F
Salix discolor Pussy Willow L
Sambucus canadensis American Elderberry L, F, N
Vaccinium corymbosum Highbush Blueberry L, F, N
Viburnum acerfolium, V. dentatum, V. lentago, V.nudum, V. prunifolium, V. trilobum Mapleleaf Viburnum, Arrowwood Viburnum, Nannyberry, Smooth Witherod, Blackhaw Viburnum, American Cranberrybush L, F
L = Leaves support moth and butterfly caterpillars and other leaf-eating insects that are eaten by birds
N = Nectar for hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators
F = Food products such as berries, seeds, nuts, buds, and pollen for birds, mammals, and pollinators
Perennials
Aquilegia canadensis Wild Columbine N
Asclepias incarnata, A. purpurascens, A. tuberosa Swamp Milkweed, Purple Milkweed, Butterfly Weed L, N
Coreopsis lanceolata, C. tripteris Tickseed, Tall Tickseed F, N
Eupatorium coelestinum, E. fistulosum, E. maculatum Mistflower, Trumpet Flower, Joe Pye Weed L, N
Geranium maculatum Wild Geranium L
Helianthus decapetalus, H. divaricatus Thin-leaved Sunflower, Woodland Sunflower L, F
Heliopsis helianthoides False Sunflower F. N
Liatris spicata Dense Blazing Star N
Lobelia cardinalis, L. siphlitica Cardinal Flower, Great Blue Lobelia L, N
Monarda didyma, M. fistulosa Bee Balm, Wild Bergamot L, N
Oenothera fruticosa Sundrops L
Oligoneuron rigidum Stiff Goldenrod F, N
Penstemon digitalis Beardtongue L, N
Phlox divaricata, P. maculata, P. paniculata, P. stolonifera Woodland Phlox, Wild Sweet-William. Summer Phlox, Creeping Phlox L, N
Physostegia virginiana Obedient Plant N
Rudbeckia fulgida, R. laciniata, R. triloba Orange Coneflower, Cutleaf Coneflower, Three-lobed Coneflower L, F, N
Solidago caesia, S. flexicaulis, S. rugosa, S. speciosa Bluestem Goldenrod, Zigzag Goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf Goldenrod, Showy Goldenrod L, F, N
Symphyotrichum cordifolius, S. divaricatus, S. laeve, S. lateriflorum, S. novae-angliae, S. novi-belgii Blue Wood Aster, White Wood Aster, Smooth Blue Aster, Calico Aster, New England Aster, New York Aster, L, F, N
Verbena hastata Blue Vervain L, N
Vernonia glauca, V. noveboracensis Upland Ironweed, New York Ironweed N
Viola palmata, V. rostrata, V. sororia, V. striata Early Blue Violet, Longspur Violet, Common Blue Violet, Cream Violet L
Zizia aurea Golden Alexander L, N
L = Leaves support moth and butterfly caterpillars and other leaf-eating insects that are eaten by birds
N = Nectar for hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators
F = Food products such as berries, seeds, nuts, buds, and pollen for birds, mammals, and pollinators
Grasses and Sedges
Carex amphibola, C. pensylvanica, C. platyphylla Creek Sedge, Pennsylvania Sedge, Broadleaf Sedge L, F
Panicum virgatum Switch Grass L, F
Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem L, F
Sorghastrum nutans Indian Grass F
Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie Dropseed F
Vines
Campsis radicans Trumpet Vine N
Lonicera sempervirens Trumpet/Coral Honeysuckle L, N, F
Parthenocissus quinquifolia Virginia Creeper L, F
Aquatic Plants
Iris versicolor Blue Flag Iris L, N
Juncus effusus Soft Rush F
Nymphaea odorata Fragrant Water Lily N
Pontederia cordata Pickerel Weed N
Sagittaria latifolia Arrowhead N
L = Leaves support moth and butterfly caterpillars and other leaf-eating insects that are eaten by birds
N = Nectar for hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators
F = Food products such as berries, seeds, nuts, buds, and pollen for birds, mammals, and pollinators